Post Stroke Therapy


Post Stroke Therapy To Restore Quality of Life

By Amir Machmud Blog



    
Post-stroke therapy is part of the treatment of important diseases obtained by stroke patients. Exercises carried out in post-stroke therapy can help them live their daily routines independently, and help maintain brain function that can still be maintained.

Stroke is a serious condition that occurs when blood vessels in the brain rupture or blood flow to parts of the brain is blocked by blood clots. People who have had a stroke often experience a decline in brain function, which can be a disorder in speaking, remembering, moving, and so forth. Restoring the body's ability after a stroke is a long process that requires patience, hard work, and commitment.

Post Stroke Therapy To Restore Quality of Life

When Should Post Stroke Therapy Begin?
The time felt right to immediately start therapy after a stroke is 24-48 hours after the attack, provided the condition of the sufferer is stable. During this period, health care providers will help post-stroke therapy patients move on the bed. Its function is to strengthen the limbs of the patient, thus helping stroke patients to be able to care for themselves and return to activities independently. However, post-stroke therapy should be started according to the doctor's recommendations by considering the patient's condition.

Rehabilitation or stroke therapy cannot cure damage caused by a stroke. Fortunately, the human brain is able to adapt quickly and well. Over time, different parts of the brain can take over the role of other parts of the brain. Certain brain cells can recover from temporary damage.

Various types of post-stroke therapy
  
Rehabilitation or post-stroke therapy aims to help stroke patients relearn lost abilities or skills and improve their quality of life.
The type and degree of impairment experienced by stroke patients may vary. Post-stroke therapy is certainly not the same and must be according to the advice of a doctor or therapist. The following are examples of forms of exercise that are commonly given to post-stroke therapy patients.

1. Memory therapy

The amount or amount of memory loss after a stroke depends on age, the severity of the stroke, the location of the stroke, and the health condition of the patient before the stroke. Memory loss in stroke patients can be recovered in several ways such as the following:

  • Stimulates the brain with brain sharpening games.
  • Paste the writing in a particular place, for example, "don't forget to brush your teeth" in the bathroom as a reminder.
  • Train memory with an acronym, which stands for several words or rhyming words together.
  • Put things in a place that you will definitely see. For example, put the clothes that will be used for tomorrow on the bed
  • Repeating information obtained repeatedly, or using a recording device.
  • Move as often as possible.
  • Eat foods that are beneficial to the brain such as omega-3 fatty acids.
  • Talk with family and friends.
  • Meet others with the same suffering.
  • Write down what things should be done.
2. Movement therapy

It is an important form of standard stroke physiotherapy. Research reveals that movement therapies such as treadmills, balance exercises, and lifting weights, have been shown to increase the ability to walk stroke patients after one year of training. Quality of life is increasing regardless of how severe the stroke is.

In addition, movement therapy can also be done by:

Always change sleeping position or sitting to improve posture and balance assisted by the therapist, so that the muscles and joints are not stiff.

If you have shown improvement, the therapist can ask the patient for post-stroke therapy to move on the bed, move from bed to chair, repeat the sitting position and stand up.

Practising moving your hands and feet (with or without the help of objects) is of course accompanied by a therapist or doctor.

3. Speech therapy

After a stroke, speech disorders are one of the impacts that can occur. Speech therapy is one part of post-stroke therapy that can be done to help stroke patients exercise their ability to speak, as well as to train the muscles of swallowing and talking to return to function. Some ways that can be done to train the ability to speak after stroke are:

First, the therapist will help the patient to swallow. For example by asking the patient to swallow 50 ml of water.

Then the therapist will assess the patient's general ability to communicate. For example, by assessing how well the patient understands words or sentences, how difficult the patient expresses himself, and so on.

The technique that the therapist uses to help the communication difficulties of stroke patients depends on how big the problem is.

If the patient has difficulty understanding the meaning of words, the therapist can ask the patient to match words with pictures, sort words according to meaning, and determine words that have the same meaning.

If you have trouble finding the word you want to say, the patient is asked to practice naming things, practicing rhyming words, or repeating the words the therapist says.
  • Train the strength of the mouth muscle, give direction to say a word or letter.
  • Practice the ability to string words.
  • Practice reading and writing skills.
The duration of post-stroke therapy is very dependent on the severity and complications of stroke, and the patient's response to therapy. Therefore, it is important for patients and their families to discuss with doctors and therapists, related to the determination of the right type of post-stroke therapy.



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